Vetenskapliga artiklar

Enefalk, Å., Watz, J., Greenberg, L., Bergman, E., 2017. Winter sheltering by juvenile brown trout (Salmo trutta) – effects of stream wood and an instream ectothermic predator. Freshwater Biology 62, 111-118. Läs abstract här!

Nyqvist, D., Nilsson, P.A., Alenäs, I., Elghagen, J., Hebrand, M., Karlsson, S., Kläppe, S., Calles, O., 2017. Upstream and downstream passage of migrating adult Atlantic salmon: Remedial measures improve passage performance at a hydropower dam. Ecological Engineering 102, 331-343. Läs abstract här!

Nyqvist, D., Bergman, E., Calles, O., Greenberg, L., 2017. Intake Approach and Dam Passage by Downstream‐migrating Atlantic Salmon Kelts. River Research and Applications. DOI: 10.1002/rra.3133. Läs abstract här!

Bienau, M.J., Eckstein, R.L., Otte, A., Durka, W. 2016. Clonality increases with snow depth in the arctic dwarf shrub Empetrum hermaphroditum. – American Journal of Botany 103: 2105–2114.

Ekström S.M., Sandahl M., Nilsson P.A., Kleja D.B., Kritzberg E.S., 2016, Reactivity of dissolved organic matter in response to acid deposition, Aquat Sci 78: 463-475. DOI 10.1007/s00027-015-0453-0.

Ekström S.M., Regnell O., Reader H.E., Nilsson P.A., Löfgren S., Kritzberg E.S., 2016, Increasing concentrations of iron in surface waters as a consequence of reducing conditions in the catchment area, J Geophys Res-Biogeo 121:479-493.

Enefalk, Å., Bergman, E., 2016. Effects of fine wood on macroinvertebrate drift in four boreal forest streams. Hydrobiologia 765, 317-327. Läs abstract här!

Filipsson, K., Petersson, T., Höjesjö, J., Piccolo, J.J., Näslund, J., Wengström, N., Österling, E.M., 2016. Heavy loads of parasitic freshwater pearl mussel (Margaritifera margaritifera L.) larvae impair foraging, activity and dominance performance in juvenile brown trout (Salmo trutta L.). Ecology of Freshwater Fish. Läs abstract här!

Hagelin, A., Calles, O., Greenberg, L., Nyqvist, D., Bergman, E., 2016. The Migratory Behaviour and Fallback Rate of Landlocked Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar) in a Regulated River: does Timing Matter? River Research and Applications.Läs abstract här!

Hedgespeth, M.L., Nilsson, P.A., Berglund, O., 2016. Assessing potential vulnerability and response of fish to simulated avian predation after exposure to psychotropic pharmaceuticals. Toxics 4, 9. Läs abstract här!

Moora, M., Öpik, M., Davison, J., Jairus, T., Vasar, M., Zobel, M., Eckstein, R.L. 2016. AM fungal communities inhabiting the roots of submerged aquatic plant Lobelia dortmanna are diverse and include a high proportion of novel taxa. – Mycorrhiza 26: 735–745.

Nyqvist, D., Greenberg, L.A., Goerig, E., Calles, O., Bergman, E., Ardren, W.R., Castro‐Santos, T., 2016. Migratory delay leads to reduced passage success of Atlantic salmon smolts at a hydroelectric dam. Ecology of Freshwater Fish. Läs abstract här!

Nyqvist, D., Calles, O., Bergman, E., Hagelin, A., and Greenberg, L. A. (2016) Post-Spawning Survival and Downstream Passage of Landlocked Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar) in a Regulated River: Is There Potential for Repeat Spawning?. River Res. Applic., doi: 10.1002/rra.2926Läs abstract här!

Pekcan-Hekim Z., Hellén N., Härkönen L., Nilsson P.A., Nurminen L., Horppila J., 2016, Bridge under troubled water: turbulence and niche partitioning in fish foraging, Ecol Evol, doi: 10.1002/ece3.2593

Pruchniewicz, D., Donath, T.W., Otte, A., Żołnierz, L., Eckstein, R.L. 2016. Effect of expansive species on seed rain and soil seed bank of mountain mesic meadows. – Tuexenia 36: 81–96.

Rühl, A.T., Eckstein, R.L., Otte, A., Donath, T.W. 2016. Distinct germination response of rare and common arable weeds to reduced water potential. – Plant Biology 18(S1): 83-90.

Rühl, A.T., Donath, T.W., Otte, A., Eckstein, R.L. 2016. Impacts of short-term germination delay on fitness of the annual weed Agrostemma githago (L.). – Seed Science Research 26: 93–100.

Shafer, A.B.A., Wolf, J.B.W., Alves, P.C., Bergström, L., Colling, G., Dalén, L., De Meester, L., Ekblom, R., Fior, S., Hajibabaei, M., Hoezel, A.R., Hoglund, J., Jensen, E.L., Krützen, M., Norman, A.J., Österling, E.M., Ouborg, N.J., Piccolo, J., Primmer, C.R., Reed, F.A., Roumet, M., Salmona, J., Schwartz, M.K., Segelbacher, G., Thaulow, J., Valtonen, M., Vergeer, P., Weissensteiner, M., Wheat, C.W., Vilà, C., Zieliński, P., 2016. Reply to Garner et al. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 31, 83-84.

van Deurs M., Persson A., Lindegren M., Jacobsen C., Neuenfeldt, S., Jørgensen C., Nilsson P.A., 2016, Marine ecosystem connectivity mediated by migrant-resident interactions and the concomitant cross-system flux of lipids, Ecol Evol 6(12): 4076-4087 doi: 10.1002/ece3.2167.

Watz, J., Bergman, E, Piccolo, J. J. & Greenberg, L. (2016) Ice cover affects the growth of a stream-dwelling fish. Oecologia, 1-13. Läs abstract här!

Ahlgren J., Chapman B.B., Nilsson P.A., Brönmark C., 2015, Individual boldness is linked with protective shell shape in aquatic snails, Biol Lett 11: 20150029.

Bienau, M.J., Kröncke, M., Eiserhardt, W.L., Otte, A., Graae, B.J., Hagen, D., Milbau, A., Durka, W., Eckstein, R.L. 2015. Synchronous flowering despite differences in snowmelt among habitats of Empetrum hermaphroditum. – Acta Oecologica 69: 129-136.

Chapman B.B., Hulthén K., Brönmark C., Nilsson P.A., Skov C., Hansson L-A., Brodersen J., 2015, Shape up or ship out: migratory behaviour predicts morphology across spatial scale in a freshwater fish, J Anim Ecol 84: 1187-1193

Enefalk, Å., Bergman, E., 2015. Effect of fine wood on juvenile brown trout behaviour in experimental stream channels. Ecology of Freshwater Fish, Läs abstract här!

Jones, D.A., Bergman, E., Greenberg, L., 2015. Food availability in spring affects smolting in brown trout (Salmo trutta). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 1-6. Läs abstract här!

Hagelin, A., Calles, O., Greenberg, L., Piccolo, J. and Bergman, E. (2015) SPAWNING MIGRATION OF WILD AND SUPPLEMENTARY STOCKED LANDLOCKED ATLANTIC SALMON (Salmo salar),River Res. Applic., doi: 10.1002/rra.2870Läs abstract här!

Hulthén K., Chapman B.B., Nilsson P.A., Vinterstare J., Hansson L-A., Skov C., Brodersen J., Baktoft H., Brönmark C., 2015, Escaping peril: perceived predation risk affects migratory propensity, Biol Lett 11: 20150466.

Loydi, A., Donath, T.W., Eckstein, R.L., Otte, A. 2015. Non-native species litter reduces germination and growth of resident forbs and grasses: allelopathic, osmotic or mechanical effects? – Biological Invasions 17: 581-595.

Loydi, A., Donath, T.W., Otte, A., Eckstein, R.L. 2015. Negative and positive interactions among plants: effects of competitors and litter on seedling emergence and growth of forest and grassland species. – Plant Biology 17: 667-675.

Ludewig, K., Donath, T.W., Zelle, B., Eckstein, R.L., Mosner, E., Otte, A., Jensen, K. 2015. Effects of reduced summer precipitation on the forage quantity and quality of floodplain meadows at the Elbe and the Rhine River. – PLoS ONE 10: e0124140.

Piccolo, J.J., 2015. The Land Ethic and conservation of native salmonids. Ecology of Freshwater Fish. DOI: 10.1111/eff.12263. Läs artikeln här!

Rühl, A.T., Eckstein, R.L., Otte, A., Donath, T.W. 2015. Future challenge for endangered arable weed species facing global warming: low temperature optima and narrow moisture requirements. – Biological Conservation 182: 262-269.

Watz, J., Bergman, E., Calles, O., Enefalk, Å., Gustafsson, S., Hagelin, A., Nilsson, P.A., Norrgård, J.R., Nyqvist, D., Österling, E.M., Piccolo, J.J., Schneider, L.D., Greenberg, L., Jonsson, B., 2015. Ice cover alters the behavior and stress level of brown trout Salmo trutta. Behavioral Ecology 26, 820-827. Läs abstract här!

Österling, EM. (2015). Timing, growth and proportion of spawners of the threatened unionoid mussel Margaritifera margaritifera: influence of water temperature, turbidity and mussel density. Aquatic Sciences, 77, 1-8.

Österling, EM., & Wengström, N. (2015). Test of the host fish species of a unionoid mussel: a comparison between natural and artificial encystment. Limnologica, 50, 80-83.

Österling, EM. (2015) Influence of host fish (Salmo trutta) age on a mussel (Margaritifera margaritifera) parasite differs among rivers: implications for conservation. Limnologica, 50, 75-79.

Österling, EM. & Söderberg, H. (2015) Sea-trout habitat fragmentation affects threatened 1 freshwater pearl mussel. Biological Conservation, 186, 197-203.

Bergman, E., Norrgård, J, Picollo, J., Gustafsson, P., Nilsson, F. and Hart, P. (2014). Atlantic Salmon and Brown Trout in Lake Vänern: A proposal for a co-management system. Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management. Vol. 17, Iss. 4, 2014. Läs abstract här!

Gustafsson P., Greenberg L. & Bergman E. (2014) Woody debris and terrestrial invertebrates – effects on prey resources for brown trout (Salmo trutta) in a boreal stream. Environmental Biology of Fishes 97, 529-42.

Hart P.B., Bergman E., Calles O., Eriksson S., Gustafsson S., Lans L., Norrgård J., Piccolo J., Rees N., Watz J., Österling M. & Greenberg L. (2014) Familiarity with a partner facilitates the movement of drift foraging juvenile grayling (Thymallus thymallus) into a new habitat area. Environmental Biology of Fishes 97, 515-22.

Piccolo, J., David, L., Noakes, G., Hayes, J.W., 2014. Preface to the special drift foraging issue of Environmental Biology of Fishes. Environmental Biology of Fishes 97, 449.

Piccolo J., Frank B. & Hayes J. 2014. Food and space revisited: The role of drift-feeding theory in predicting the distribution, growth, and abundance of stream salmonids. Environmental Biology of Fishes 97, 475-88.

Ranåker L., Persson J., Jönsson M., Nilsson P.A., Brönmark C., 2014, Piscivore-prey interactions: mechanisms behind diurnal patterns in prey selectivity in brown and clear water, PLoS ONE 9(11): e102002.

Shafer ABA, Wolf JBW, Alves PC, Bergström L, Bruford MW, Brännström I, Colling G, Dalén L, De Meester L, Ekblom R, Fawcett KD, Fior S, Hajibabaei M, Hill JA, Hoezel AR, Höglund J, Jensen EL, Krause J, Kristensen TN, Krützen M, McKay JK, Norman AJ, Ogden R, Österling EM, Ouborg NJ, Piccolo J, Popović D, Primmer CR, Reed FA, Roumet M, Salmona J, Schenekar T, Schwartz MK, Segelbacher G, Senn H, Thaulow J, Valtonen M, Veale A, Vergeer P, Vijay N, Vilà C, Weissensteiner M, Wennerström L, Wheat CW, Zieliński P. (2014) Genomics and the challenging translation into conservation practice. Trends in Ecology & Evolution.  Läs abstract här!

Stålhammar M., Fränstam T., Lindström J., Höjesjö J., Arlinghaus R., Nilsson P.A., 2014, Effects of lure type, fish size and water temperature on hooking location and bleeding in northern pike (Esox lucius) angled in the Baltic sea, Fish Res 157: 164-169.

Vezza, P., Parasiewicz, P., Calles, O., Spairani, M., and Comoglio, C. (2014). Modelling habitat requirements of bullhead (Cottus gobio) in Alpine streams. Aquatic Sciences. 76, 1-15. Läs abstract här!

Watz, J., Bergman, E., Piccolo, J., Greenberg, L., 2014. Prey capture rates of two species of salmonids (Salmo trutta and Thymallus thymallus) in an artificial stream: effects of temperature on their functional response. Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology 47, 93-99.

Watz J., Piccolo J., Bergman E. & Greenberg L. (2014) Day and night drift-feeding by juvenile salmonids at low water temperatures. Environmental Biology of Fishes 97, 505-13.

Österling E.M., Ferm J. & Piccolo J. (2014) Parasitic freshwater pearl mussel larvae (Margaritifera margaritifera L.) reduce the drift-feeding rate of juvenile brown trout (Salmo trutta L.). Environmental Biology of Fishes 97, 543-9.

Österling, E.M. & Högberg, J.O. (2014) The impact of land use on the mussel Margaritifera margaritifera and its host fish Salmo trutta. Hydrobiologia, 735, 213-220. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-013-1501-1.

Calles, O., Karlsson, S., Vezza, P., Comoglio, C. and Tielman, J. (2013) Success of a low-sloping rack for improving downstream passage of silver eels at a hydroelectric plant. Freshwater Biology. 58, 2168-2179. Läs abstract här!

Calles, O., Rivinoja, P., and Greenberg, L.A. (2013). A historical perspective on downstream passage at hydroelectric plants in Swedish rivers. In: Ecohydraulics: an integrated approach. Edited by: Ian Maddock, Atle Harby, Paul Kemp and Paul Wood. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, West Sussex, UK. Chapter 18, pages 309–322. Läs om boken här!

Gustafsson, S., Österlig, M., Skurdal, J., Schneider, L.D. and Calles, O. (2013) Macroinvertebrate colonization of a nature-like fishway: The effects of adding habitat heterogeneity. Ecological Engineering Volume 61, Part A, December 2013, Pages 345–353. Läs abstract här!

Watz, J., Bergman, E., Piccolo, J., Greenberg, L. (2013) Effects of ice cover on the diel behaviour and ventilation rate of juvenile brown trout. Freshwater Biology 58 (11), 2325–2332, doi:10.1111/fwb.12212 

Österling, M.E. & Larsen, B.M. (2013) Impact of origin and condition of host fish (Salmo trutta) on parasitic larvae of margaritifera margaritifera. Aquatic Conservation-Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 23, 564-570.

Arvidsson, B.L., Karlsson, J., Österling, M.E., 2012. Recruitment of the threatened mussel Margaritifera margaritifera in relation to mussel population size, mussel density and host density. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 22, 526-532.

Calles, O., Karlsson, S., Hebrand, M. and Comoglio, C. (2012). Evaluating technical improvements for downstream migrating diadromous fish at a hydroelectric plant. Ecological Engineering. Läs abstract här!

Greenberg, L.A., Calles, O., Andersson, J. & Engqvist, T. (2012) Effect of trash diverters and overhead cover on downstream migrating brown trout smolts. Ecological Engineering. Läs abstract här!

 Norrgård, J., Greenberg, L. A., Piccolo, J. J., Schmitz, M., Bergman, E. (2012). Multiplicative loss of landlocked Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. smolts during downstream migration through mulitple dams. River Research and Applications, DOI: 10.1002/rra.2616 Läs abstract här!

Piccolo, J.J., Norrgård, J.R., Greenberg, L.A., Schmitz, M., Bergman, E. (2012). Conservation of endemic landlocked salmonids in regulated rivers: a case-study from Lake Vänern, Sweden. Fish and Fisheries. Läs abstract här!

Piccolo, J.J., Orlikowska, E.H., 2012. A biological risk assessment for an Atlantic salmon(Salmo salar) invasion in Alaskan waters. Aquatic Invasions 7, 259-270.

Piccolo, J.J., 2012. Stoking the “Green Fire”: Bringing the Land Ethic to the Water. Fisheries 37, 516-518.

Pini Prato, E., Comoglio, C. & Calles, O. (2011). A simple management tool for planning the restoration of river longitudinal connectivity at watershed level: priority indexes for fish passes. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, Suppl. 3, vol 27, 73-79. Läs abstract här!

Watz, J., Piccolo, J. J., Greenberg, L., and Bergman, E. 2012. Temperature-dependent prey capture efficiency and foraging modes of brown trout Salmo trutta. Journal of Fish Biology, 81(1), 345-350. DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.2012.03329.x Läs abstract här!

Lans, L., Greenberg, L.A., Karlsson, J., Calles, O. & Schmitz, M. (2011) The effects of ration size on migration by hatchery-raised Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and brown trout (Salmo trutta). Ecology of Freshwater Fish, 20:4, 548-557. Läs abstract här!

Piccolo, J.J., 2011. Challenges in the conservation, rehabilitation and recovery of native stream salmonid populations: beyond the 2010 Luarca symposium. Ecology of Freshwater Fish 20, 346-351.

Malick, M.J, Haldorson, L.J., Piccolo, J.J., and Boldt, J.L. 2011. Growth and survival in relation to body size of juvenile pink salmon in the northern Gulf of Alaska.   Marine and Coastal Fisheries.

Watz, J. and Piccolo, J. J. 2011. The role of temperature in the prey capture probability of drift-feeding juvenile brown trout (Salmo trutta). Ecology of Freshwater Fish, 20(3), 393-399. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0633.2010.00470.x Läs abstract här!

Österling, E.M. (2011) Test and application of a non-destructive photo-method investigating the parasitic stage of the threatened mussel Margaritifera margaritifera on its host fish Salmo trutta. Biological Conservation, 144, 2984-2990.

Calles, O., Olsson, I.C., Comoglio, C., Kemp, P., Blunden, L., Schmitz, M. & Greenberg, L.A. 2010. Size-dependent mortality of migratory silver eels at a hydropower plant, and implications for escapement to the sea. Freshwater Biology, 55, 2167-2180. Läs abstract här!

Greenberg, L. & Calles, O. 2010. Restoring ecological connectivity in rivers to improve conditions for anadromous brown trout Salmo trutta. In: Paul Kemp (ed.) Salmonid Fisheries: Freshwater Habitat Management. West Sussex: Blackwell publishing.

Gustafsson, P., Bergman, E. & Greenberg, L. 2010. Functional response and size-dependent foraging on aquatic and terrestrial prey by brown trout (Salmo trutta L.). Ecology of Freshwater Fish, 19 (2), 170-177. Läs abstract här!

Russon, I.J., Kemp, P.S. & Calles, O. 2010. Response of downstream migrating adult European eels (Anguilla anguilla) to bar racks under experimental conditions. Ecology of Freshwater Fish, 19, 197-205. Läs abstract här!

Österling, M., Arvidsson, B.L & Greenberg, L. 2010. Habitat degradation and the decline of the threatened mussel Margaritifera margaritifera: influence of turbidity and sedimentation on the mussel and its host. Journal of Applied Ecology, 47(4), 759-768. Läs abstract här!

Calles, O. & Greenberg, L. 2009. Connectivity is a two-way street – the need for a holistic approach to fish passage problems in regulated rivers. River Research and Applications, 25, 1268-1286. Läs abstract här!

Piccolo, J.J., Adkison, M.D., and F. Rue. 2009.  Linking Alaskan salmon fisheries management with ecosystem-based escapement goals: A review and prospectus. Fisheries.  34:124-134.

Armstrong, J.L. Myers, K.W., Beauchamp, D.A., Davis, N.D., Walker, R.V., Boldt, J.L. Piccolo, J.J., Haldorson, L.J., and Moss, J.H. 2008. Interannual and Spatial Feeding Patterns of Hatchery and Wild Juvenile Pink Salmon in the Gulf of Alaska in Years of Low and High Survival.  Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 137:1299-1316.

Nyberg, L., Calles, O. & Greenberg, L. (2008) Impact of short-term regulation on hyporheic water quality in a boreal river. River Research and Applications, 24, 407-419. Abstract

Piccolo, J.J., Hughes, N.F., and Bryant, M.D. 2008. Water velocity influences prey detection and capture by drift-feeding juvenile coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) and steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss irideus). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 65:266-75.

Piccolo, J.J., Hughes, N.F., and Bryant, M.D. 2008. Development of net energy intake models for drift-feeding juvenile coho salmon and steelhead. Environmental Biology of Fish.  83:259-267.

Österling, M., Greenberg, L. & Arvidsson, B.L. (2008). Relationship of biotic and abiotic factors to recruitment patterns in Margaritifera margaritifera. Biological Conservation 141 (2008), 1365-1370. Abstract

Bryant, M.D., Gomi, T., and Piccolo, J.J. 2007.  Structures Linking Physical and Biological Processes in Headwater Streams of the Maybeso Watershed, Southeast Alaska.  Forest Science.  53:371-383

Calles, E.O. & Greenberg, L.A. 2007. The use of two nature-like fishways by some fish species in the Swedish River Eman. Ecology of Freshwater Fish, 16, 183-190. Abstract

Calles, O., Nyberg, L. & Greenberg, L. 2007. Temporal and spatial variation in quality of hyporheic water in one unregulated and two regulated boreal rivers. River Research and Applications, 23, 829-842. Abstract

Fisher, J. Trudel, M. Ammann, A. Orsi, J.A. Piccolo, J., Bucher, C. Casillas, E. Harding, J.A. MacFarlane, R.B. Brodeur, R.D. 2007.  Comparisons of the Coastal Distributions and Abundances of Juvenile Pacific Salmon from Central California to the Northern Gulf of Alaska.  American Fisheries Society Symposium.  57:31-80.

Piccolo, J.J., Hughes, N.F., and Bryant, M.D. 2007. The effects of water depth on prey detection and capture by juvenile coho salmon and steelhead. Ecology of Freshwater Fish.  16:432-441

Österling, M., Bergman, E., Greenberg, L., Baldwin, B.S. & Mills, E.L. 2007. Turbidity-mediated interactions between invasive filter-feeding mussels and native bioturbating mayflies. Freshwater Biology.  52, 1602-1610. Abstract

Olsson, I.C., Greenberg, L.A., Bergman, E. & Wysujack, K. 2006. Environmentally induced migration: the importance of food. Ecology Letters, 9, 645-651. Abstract

Calles, E.O. & Greenberg, L.A. 2005. Evaluation of nature-like fishways for re-establishing connectivity in fragmented salmonid populations in the River Emån. River Research and Applications, 21, 951-960. Läs abstract här!

Olsson, I. & Greenberg, L. 2004. Partial migration in a landlocked brown trout population. Journal of Fish Biology, 65, 106-121. Abstract

Greenberg, L.A., Hernnas, B., Bronmark, D., Dahl, J., Eklov, A. & Olsen, K.H. 2002. Effects of kinship on growth and movements of brown trout in field enclosures. Ecology of Freshwater Fish, 11, 251-259.

Piccolo, J.J. and Wipfli, M.S. 2002. “Does red alder (Alnus rubra) in upland riparian forests elevate macroinvertebrate and detritus export from headwater streams to downstream habitats in southeastern Alaska?” Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 59:503-513.

Greenberg, L., Steinwall, T. & Persson, H. 2001. Effect of depth and substrate on use of stream pools by brown trout. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 130,699-705.

Olsson, I.C., Greenberg, L.A. & Eklov, A.G. 2001. Effect of an artificial pond on migrating brown trout smolts. North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 21, 498-506.

Greenberg, L.A. & Giller, P.S. 2001. Individual variation in habitat use and growth of male and female brown trout. Ecography, 24, 212-224.

Greenberg, L.A. & Giller, P.S. 2000. The potential of flat-bed passive integrated transponder antennae for studying habitat use by stream fishes. Ecology of Freshwater Fish, 9, 74-80.

Greenberg, L.A., Bergman, E. & Eklov, A.G. 1997. Effects of predation and intraspecific interactions on habitat use and foraging by brown trout in artificial streams. Ecology of Freshwater Fish, 6, 16-26.

Greenberg, L., Svendsen, P. & Harby, A. 1996 Availability of microhabitats and their use by brown trout (Salmo trutta) and grayling (Thymallus thymallus) in the River Vojman, Sweden. Regulated Rivers-Research & Management, 12, 287-303.

Piccolo, J.J., Hubert, W.A., and Whaley, R.A. 1993. Standard weight equation for lake trout.  North American Journal of Fisheries Management. 13:401-404.

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